Cupressus macrocarpa, commonly known as Monterey cypress, is a species of cypress native to the Central Coast of California. It is a medium-sized coniferous evergeen tree, which often becomes irregular and flat-topped as a result of the strong winds that are typical of its native area.
This species has been widely planted outside its native range, particularly along the coasts of California and Oregon. Its European distribution includes Great Britain (including the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands), France, Ireland, Greece, Italy, Portugal, and Sicily. In New Zealand, plantings have naturalised, finding conditions more favourable than in its native range and it is most frequently grown as a windbreak tree on farms, usually in rows or shelter belts.
Macrocarpa is commonly used in New Zealand for construction and joinery due to its strength, hardness and durability. It has greater natural lateral strength characteristics compared to traditional radiata pine which makes it popular for use in large exposed structural beams and pillars. Because it is naturally durable and requires no tanalising preservative treatment, it is often used in horticulture. Macrocarpa's striking woodgrain and natural smell also makes it a popular choice for use in rustic outdoor furniture and joinery.